Big Ben's Panorama Tutorials


 As mentioned before, spherical panoramas present the greatest dynamic range of any photographic subject and so even a film with a lot of exposure latitude needs to be carefully exposed in order to maintain the desired image detail. Rather than follow a set rule for determining the exposure, I have a set of criteria that the chosen exposure must meet depending on the direction the camera is facing.
In full sun use the "sunny f16" rule and don't meter
Ground only - Must meter at or above -2 stops
Sky only, no sun - Must meter at or below +2 stops
50:50 sky and ground, no sun - Preferably between +1 to -1 stops 
Never include the sun in the frame when metering

Photography is a wonderfully personal art form...  what is right for one person, may not be right for another so in some areas there are no straight answers. There are times where you just have to get off your arse and work it out for yourself  ;-)

A circular fisheye lens does not cover the same area of the frame as a normal lens so the metering may be out. Determine the film speed for your lens by testing. 

The correct exposure is that which gives you the best tonal range when scanned. This may also vary from the recommended film speed. Determine the film speed for scanning by testing. 

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This page, its contents and style, are the responsibility of the author and do not represent the views, policies or opinions of The University of Melbourne. All photographs Ben Kreunen 2000

Ben Kreunen <>
Department of Pathology
Last modified: February 24, 2003